Quezon City (Filipino: Lungsod Quezon, popularly known to Filipinos as QC) is one of the cities that make up Metro Manila, the National Capital Region of the Philippines, on the island of Luzon. It is the most populous city in the country, and the largest city by area in Metro Manila. Quezon City was named after Manuel L. Quezon, second President of the Philippines, who founded the city and developed it to replace the City of Manila as the national capital for 28 years from 1948 to 1976. Quezon City is not located in and should not be confused with Quezon Province, which was also named after the president.
Having been the national capital for almost three decades, Quezon City is the site of many government offices, including the Batasang Pambansa Complex, which is the seat of the House of Representatives (the lower chamber of the Philippine Congress). The main campuses of two premier educational institutions, the state-funded University of the Philippines Diliman and the Catholic Ateneo de Manila University, are located in the city.