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Volgograd (Russian: Волгогра́д; IPA: [vəlɡɐˈɡrat] ( listen)), formerly Tsaritsyn (Russian: About this sound Цари́цын​ (help·info)), 1589–1925, and Stalingrad (Russian: About this sound Сталингра́д​ (help·info)), 1925–1961, is an important industrial city and the administrative center of Volgograd Oblast, Russia. It is 80 kilometers (50 mi) long,[10] north to south. It is situated on the western bank of the Volga River. The population is 1,021,215 (2010 Census);[5] 1,011,417 (2002 Census);[11] 1,022,578 (1989 Census).[12]

The city became famous for its resistance — and the extensive physical damage and death toll it suffered — during the Battle of Stalingrad against the German Army in World War II. Beginning in 2013, for nine days every year, the city may be officially referred to as "Stalingrad".[13] Some residents have suggested that the city be permanently renamed "Stalingrad"; president Vladimir Putin has expressed that such a move should be preceded by a local referendum.[14]
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