Volgograd (Russian: Волгогра́д; IPA: [vəlɡɐˈɡrat] ( listen)), formerly Tsaritsyn (Russian: About this sound Цари́цын (help·info)), 1589–1925, and Stalingrad (Russian: About this sound Сталингра́д (help·info)), 1925–1961, is an important industrial city and the administrative center of Volgograd Oblast, Russia. It is 80 kilometers (50 mi) long, north to south. It is situated on the western bank of the Volga River. The population is 1,021,215 (2010 Census); 1,011,417 (2002 Census); 1,022,578 (1989 Census).
The city became famous for its resistance — and the extensive physical damage and death toll it suffered — during the Battle of Stalingrad against the German Army in World War II. Beginning in 2013, for nine days every year, the city may be officially referred to as "Stalingrad". Some residents have suggested that the city be permanently renamed "Stalingrad"; president Vladimir Putin has expressed that such a move should be preceded by a local referendum.