Kyoto (京都市 Kyōto-shi?) (/kɪˈoʊtoʊ/ or /ˈkjoʊtoʊ/; Japanese pronunciation: [kʲoːꜜto] ( listen), formerly known as Meaco) is a city located in the central part of the island of Honshu, Japan. It has a population close to 1.5 million. Formerly the imperial capital of Japan for more than one thousand years, it is now the capital city of Kyoto Prefecture located in the Kansai region, as well as a major part of the Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe metropolitan area. One historical nickname for the city is the City of Ten Thousand Shrines.