Sagrada Familia in Barcelona, Catalonia,Spain

The Basílica i Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada
Família (Catalan pronunciation: [səˈɣɾaðə fə
ˈmiɫiə] ; English: Basilica and Expiatory Church of
the Holy Family ), is a large Roman Catholic
church in Barcelona, Spain, designed by Catalan
architect Antoni Gaudí (1852–1926). Although
incomplete, the church is a UNESCO World
Heritage Site, [5] and in November 2010 Pope
Benedict XVI consecrated and proclaimed it a
minor basilica , [6][7][8] as distinct from a
cathedral which must be the seat of a bishop.
Construction of Sagrada Família had commenced
in 1882 and Gaudí became involved in 1883, [5]
taking over the project and transforming it with
his architectural and engineering style, combining
Gothic and curvilinear Art Nouveau forms. Gaudí
devoted his last years to the project, and at the
time of his death at age 73 in 1926 less than a
quarter of the project was complete. [9] Sagrada
Família's construction progressed slowly, as it
relied on private donations and was interrupted
by the Spanish Civil War, only to resume
intermittent progress in the 1950s. Construction
passed the midpoint in 2010 with some of the
project's greatest challenges remaining [9] and an
anticipated completion date of 2026, the
centenary of Gaudí's death.
The basílica has a long history of dividing the
citizens of Barcelona: over the initial possibility it
might compete with Barcelona's cathedral , over
Gaudí's design itself, [10] over the possibility that
work after Gaudí's death disregarded his design,
[10] and the recent proposal to build an
underground tunnel of Spain's high-speed rail link
to France which could disturb its stability. [11]
Describing Sagrada Família, art critic Rainer
Zerbst said, "It is probably impossible to find a
church building anything like it in the entire
history of art" [12] and Paul Goldberger called it,
"The most extraordinary personal interpretation
of Gothic architecture since the Middle
Ages." [13]



Post a Comment

Back to top!