Shymkent is a city in the Kazakh Desert, and is the third largest city in Kazakhstan. It was founded in the 12th century as a caravanserai to protect the Silk Road town of Sayram, 10 km to the east. Shymkent grew as a market center for trade between nomads and the settled people. Main attraction of this city are Ordabasy circle, site of Friday Mosque and MIG Memorial, Regional Studies and History Museum, Victory Park, Central Park, Museum of Repression, Afghan War Memorial, Arboretum, Nauryz/Navruz Holiday Celebrations over Spring Solstice, Al-Farabi Square, Mega Shopping Center.



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